Cliff has operated as a freelance consultant since 2004. He does research, authors reports and is a facilitator and trainer. While at Heriot-Watt University he was also involved in contract research.

He has worked on numerous projects:

  • With Spatial Foresight GmbH ( ) to deliver research-based reports for the ESPON Co-ordination Unit on European territorial development and policy.
  • With the Royal Town Planning Institute ( to deliver the UK National Contact Point for the ESPON 2013 programme. 
  • As an external expert for the Royal Town Planning Institute on transnational projects within the ESPON 2013 programme.
  • For the ESPON 2013 Co-ordination Unit as a peer reviewer on Sounding Boards for research projects.
  • On European Union INTERREG projects.
  • On other European projects.
  • On Commonwealth, international and global projects.
  • On UK projects.  

UK projects

Planning Aid for Scotland

Planning Aid for Scotland (now PAS) is a social enterprise that seeks to build active citizenship.

  • In 2007 Cliff worked with Kerstin Deuling from PAS to create SP=EED as a practical guide to community engagement in planning. It has since been updated and continues to be used.

Welsh Assembly Government

  • In 2007 Cliff was sub-contracted by ECOTEC to contribute to a study on approaches to making national planning policy – international comparisons.

UK projects while at Heriot-Watt University

Cliff was part of research teams that delivered a number of practice-oriented reports for policy-makers. These include:

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